Reducing High Blood Pressure Help Thinking

A new study in the August 25, 2009 issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology, tells of the importance of reducing high bloodpressure and links high blood pressure to loss of cognitive function in those over 45 years old.

Every 10-point increase in diastolic (bottom number) blood pressure increased the odds of having an impairment in thinking by 7% – even after adjusting for other factors (age, smoking status, exercise, education, diabetes or high cholesterol) that might affect cognitive skills. No one knows why this reading, taken when the heart is resting, is connected to mental clarity.

“One idea is that diastolic pressure is tightly tied to small blood vessel disease and perfusion pressure,” explains George Howard, chairman of the department of biostatistics at the University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Public Health. Perfusion pressure is defined as the force by which blood spreads through the blood vessels of the brain. “Another idea is that people with high systolic pressure tend to die. Once they are dead, they cannot be part of our study.”

Though the increase in cognitive problems might seem small at seven percent, the large numbers in our aging population make this a figure to be respected.

High blood pressure is a reading equal to, or higher, than 140/90. It is believed that about one in three U.S. adults currently have high blood pressure – but with no symptoms nearly a third who have it don’t even know it. The only way to be sure is to have your blood pressure checked, at your doctor’s office or a local pharmacy.

This new study involved just about 20,000 subjects across the country that took part in The Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) Study.

The work is attempting to uncover why blacks and Southerners are more likely to have a stroke than other Americans. None of the subjects in this research had ever had a stroke, though 49.6% were taking drugs for high blood pressure; another 7.6% had cognitive issues. The ongoing research has been following these subjects, all over 45, for several years.

“The REGARDS study is one of the largest population-based studies of risk factors for stroke. These latest data suggest that higher blood pressure may be a risk factor for cognitive decline, but further studies will be necessary to understand the cause-effect relationship,” explains Walter J. Koroshetz, MD, deputy director of NINDS and Fellow of the American Academy of Neurology.

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This Doctor Dropped 10 Sizes – Discover Her Shocking Secret

There’s an overwhelming body of research that shows most diets aren’t effective in the long term because they work AGAINST the body…

In fact most people who diet end up putting ON more weight than when they started.

It’s because most diets deprive you of the foods you enjoy, stop you getting the nutrients you need…basically forcing your body into ‘starvation mode’…

Joy Siegrist MD developed a diet that works WITH your body…one that has a 96% success rate.

And to prove it she used it to drop 10 dress sizes.

Click through now to discover how Dr Joy dropped 10 dress sizes…

High Blood Pressure Linked To Reduced Mental Function Continued…

This latest research supports a number of previous studies that show high blood pressure has an impact on thinking. And since blood pressure problems often start in mid-life, experts are starting to think that interventions for hypertension aimed at those under 60 might help stop the level of cognitive decline as people age.

Today the National Institutes of Health is organizing a large clinical trial to see if aggressive treatment of blood pressure can also decrease other health outcomes, including mental decline.

More and more work is pointing to the fact that what we do at midlife may well impact the health of both brain and body as the years pass, and the importance of reducing high blood pressure. Eating right and staying active are both solid strategies for keeping your weight under control and lowering your risk for cognitive decline in later years.

To your good health,

Daily Health Bulletin Editor

For A Limited Time: Click Here To Grab 5 Free Essential Health Reports Today!

How To Cure Asthma – Reduce Waistline

If you’re wondering how to cure asthma, and your carrying extra fat around your waist, a new study appearing as an online report in the journal Thorax finds that both of the conditions may be linked.

Obesity is a known risk factor for asthma, especially in women, but to this point no one had looked at the effect of weight at the waistline and asthma.

Based on data out of the California Teachers Study that included over 88,000 women, the team saw the same association between obesity and increased incidence of asthma that’s been found in earlier studies.

The surprise came in the association between increased incidence of asthma and a larger waist circumference – greater than 88 centimeters in the subjects, even if they were of normal weight.

Women with a waistline of 35 inches or higher, even if their BMI was below 25 (the start of the overweight category) were a third more likely to have asthma. This suggests that fat in this area may contribute to asthma independently of how much overall weight you’re carrying.

Researchers can’t explain why this association exists, but there is no shortage of theories. Extra fat in the belly area may be involved in restricting and inflaming airways.

Visceral fat is also known to release inflammatory molecules on a regular basis. It may be that fat in this area gives the lungs less room, pushing up on the diaphragm. There was a study earlier this year that found that those with larger waistlines had poorer lung function than those with smaller waistlines.

Fat in the belly area, known medically as visceral fat, has been found to be more biologically active and linked to heart disease and diabetes, as well as high blood pressure, sleep apnea, some cancers and degenerative diseases like arthritis and spondylosis.

The unexpected finding came as an offshoot to a study that was looking at factors that might be tied to breast cancer in women. The subjects were female teachers from California who completed a one-time survey. As part of this work, a detailed collection of data exists on the subjects, things such as waistline measurements, body weight at age 18 and asthma risk factors like smoking. Since subjects weren’t followed over time, the link between bigger waistlines and asthma can’t yet be assumed as fact.

Asthma is a chronic inflammation of the bronchial tubes that causes swelling as well as narrowing of these airways, and can leave almost 15 million Americans, 5.4 million in the UK and another 1 million Canadians gasping for breath.

If bronchial tubes are continually inflamed, they can become overly sensitive to allergens or irritants in the environment. Doctors know each person with asthma reacts differently to triggers, and will respond differently to medications.

Earlier studies have documented the overall association between obesity and asthma, says Dr. Alejandro Arroliga, a pulmonologist and chairman of medicine at the Scott & White Memorial Hospital and Clinic in Texas. He wasn’t involved in this latest work, but observes, “This is one of the biggest, with more than 88,000 women. It’s huge.”

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Professional Trainer (CPT) Reveals Truth About Quick Fat Loss…

Have you ever dreamt about hiring a personal trainer? Just think of the results you’d achieve! Well, now you can have access to your own PT at no cost.

Mike Geary, a Certified Nutrition Specialist and Certified Personal Trainer(CPT), has blown the lid off the ‘Professional’ health industry and released a no-cost “no-gimick”insiders report which reveals the explosive truth about fat loss…

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Wider Waistlines Increase Asthma Risk Continued…

The findings of such a large study offer a worrisome warning about abdominal fat, the fat between the internal organs and torso. Not only does it look unsightly, but fat in this area now appears to be some of the most troublesome weight you can carry.

Visceral fat is known to release inflammatory molecules on a regular basis. This type of fat has already been shown to increase your risk of conditions like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, sleep apnea, some cancers and degenerative diseases like arthritis and spondylosis.

Of course visceral fat is harder to get rid of than the subcutaneous fat (the fat just under the skin) and the intramuscular fat (found in skeletal muscles). And while there’s no quick fix to being rid what you’ve got, it can be done.

So, the answer to both how to cure asthma, and how to reduce waistline seem to be the same according to this study.  A diet rich in unprocessed, natural foods, with appropriate calorie intake, as well as an exercise program will do the trick.

To your good health,

Daily Health Bulletin
For A Limited Time: Click Here To Grab 5 Free Essential Health Reports Today!

Home Remedies For Insomnia – Using The Internet

If you’ve ever battled insomnia, and estimates have from 30-50% of the general population struggling to fall asleep or stay asleep, you’ve probably tried all the home remedies for insomnia.

Warm milk or herbal tea, hot baths or showers, even counting those fluffy little sheep, you’ve tried them all and still you’re staring at the ceiling, wondering how much time you have before the alarm goes off.

An interactive, online course, based on the principles of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), is now available online and may help you get the sleep you need. All from the privacy and comfort of your own home.

Online automated courses are able to deliver CBT based therapy for insomnia to your computer, In fact, some U.S. studies have found that on-screen therapy for insomnia might be just as effective as cognitive behavioral therapy delivered face-to-face.

Online programs for insomnia can take a few weeks and typically include downloadable lessons. It’s like going through the cognitive behavioral approach, only with your computer instead of a live therapist.

There are lessons about insomnia itself, the value of sleep schedules and help practicing relaxation techniques you can use during the day or at night. Students, just as in CBT therapy, set goals for the week ahead and chart their progress.

One course creator, Dr. Gregg Jacobs, an insomnia specialist at the University of Massachusetts Medical School points out, “It’s a very safe, very anonymous way of treating their insomnia.”

About 75% of Dr. Jacobs’ insomnia patients report substantial improvement. Total sleep time goes up by almost an hour a night. Two thirds of those using sleeping pills at the start of the program, reduce the medication they need significantly or stop using it altogether by the end.

The interactive program covers the keys to healthy sleep including:

- Your bed is only for sleeping (no reading, TV watching, working) and be sure to have a mattress and pillow of good quality.

- Your sleeping space must be quiet and comfortable, be a regular, comfortable temperature and have shades drawn.

- You need to get up and go to bed at the same time each day… even on weekends, holidays and vacations.

- No caffeine, nicotine, chocolate, sugar and alcohol in the few hours before bedtime.

- No large meals at least 3 hours before going to bed, limit fluids from late afternoon on to avoid nighttime bathroom trips.

- No TV news, stimulating, stressful activity within an hour of bedtime.

- Use deep breathing, progressive relaxation or guided imagery to quiet your mind.

- Avoid (as hard as it may be) napping during the day to make up for lost sleep.

Continues below…

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Medical Doctor Reveals The Shocking Truth

The real reason you can’t shift those stubborn pounds has nothing to do with a lack of willpower, eating too much or not eating the right kinds of foods – absolutely nothing.

It’s because your gut is full of plaque and parasites that work against you, no matter what you do, making it impossible to lose weight.

However, now there’s a proven way to flush these parasites from your gut and get rid of the plaque, allowing you to shed unwanted pounds fast.

Find out about Dr Suzanne Gudakunst’s brand new program will make you healthier, sexier, fitter and may even save your life!

Click through now to discover the shocking proof…

A Cure For Insomnia Online? Continued…

Insomnia affects people of all ages, even children, with women more often dealing with lack of sleep than men.

Surprisingly, less than half of those with insomnia mention it to their doctor, thinking that they can handle this on their own, or that the problem is simply too trivial to bring up.

Some expect that a complaint about sleep will only bring a prescription for sleeping pills, rather than home remedies for insomnia that can be incorporated into their lives.  So, many reject this short-term solution. Assuming you know your doctor’s response is a mistake – bring up your problem and ask about a referral to a cognitive behavioral therapist.

You’ll also want to commit to making the changes to help you sleep and your daytime alertness improve. Doing what you can to develop healthy sleep habits is super good for your body, allowing you to rest and recharge so that you’re both physically and mentally ready to face the day.

To your good health,

Kirsten Whittaker
Daily Health Bulletin Editor

For A Limited Time: Click Here To Grab 5 Free Essential Health Reports Today!

Signs of Brain Damage in Obese

Carrying extra weight isn’t just bad for our bodies and self image, but those extra pounds (just a few or more) may well have an impact on how much brain tissue you have, and how old that tissue looks.

Results of brain scans show “severe” signs of brain damage or deteriation in otherwise healthy though elderly subjects who were either overweight or obese according to Paul Thompson, a UCLA professor of neurology and senior author of the new study.

Obese subjects had 8% less brain tissue, and their brains looked 16 years older than the brains of subjects of normal weight. Those who were just overweight had 4% less brain tissue and their brains appeared 8 years older than subjects of normal weight.

The findings of this work appear in the online edition of the journal Human Brain Mapping. The researchers used tensor based morphometry (TBM) to look at the differences between gray matter and white matter in the brains of 94 elderly subjects who continued to have normal brain function for five years following the scans.

Obese subjects lost brain tissue in the frontal and temporal lobes – areas critical for planning and memory – as well as the anterior cingulated gyrus involved in attention and executive functions. The hippocampus (involved in long term memory) and basal ganglia (for movement) were also examined.

Experts have long warned that obesity is associated with an increased risk of problems in the cardiovascular system, as well as conditions like type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, stroke, osteoarthritis and even cancers such as endometrial, breast and colon.

It’s the cardiovascular diseases (like heart disease and stroke) that are believed to raise the risk of declines in cognitive function and dementia. According to the World Health Organization, today more than 400 million adults the world over can be classified as obese, another 1.6 billion are overweight.

Obesity is measured with the Body Mass Index (BMI), a useful, though not totally infallible way to compare populations that works for both sexes and adults over 15. A BMI from 25-29.9 is considered overweight; a BMI of 30 or over is considered obese, though there is evidence that the risk of chronic disease starts increasing even at BMIs as low as 21. As the BMI rises, so too do risks for disease.

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Overweight? Shocking Proof that it may not be your fault

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Obese Have “Severe” Brain Degeneration Continued…

Lead researcher Thompson points out, “That’s a big loss of tissue and it depletes your cognitive reserves, putting you at much greater risk of Alzheimer’s and other diseases that attack the brain. But you can greatly reduce your risk for Alzheimer’s, if you can eat healthily and keep your weight under control.”

Getting control of your weight is a totally natural, truly affordable and best of all, within your control way of keeping your brain (and the rest of you) healthy in the years to come. Even if you’ve spent a lifetime eating poorly or not working out… you can make a change now. Losing just a little bit of weight can have an impact – just look at the difference between being overweight (brain looks 8 years older) and obese (brain looks 16 years older) to see the impact less weight can have on your body.

Moving forward, if you or someone you love is obese or overweight, understand that all those extra pounds didn’t appear overnight and won’t be fixed in a few days or weeks. Slow, steady weight loss is what you’re after, and before long that one or two pounds a week will add up to smaller sizes, feeling better, staying sharper, avoi these signs of brain damage, and looking incredible to boot!

To your good health,

Kirsten Whittaker
Daily Health Bulletin Editor

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A Mediterranean Diet Plan May Lead To A Prevention of Alzheimers

If you’re following a Mediterranean diet plan, high in plant foods and monounsaturated fats, you may be cutting your risk of mental decline and it may also prevent Alzheimer’s disease taking hold.

Add exercise to this healthy eating choice and your risk plummets even further.

Earlier work has already studied either diet or activity in relation to Alzheimer’s, but a study that looks at both of these together has been carried out.

The study, and an accompanying editorial appear in the August 12, 2009 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

The Columbia University Medical Center population-based, observational study began in 2006 and involved a group of 2,258 elderly New Yorkers, finding those who ate most like the Mediterranean diet had almost a 40% lower risk of Alzheimer’s disease than those who didn’t eat this way.

Now a new French study of over 1,400 older men and women confirmed that those who ate most closely to the Mediterranean diet had slower age related cognitive decline than those whose diets were least like this way of eating.

Columbia University Medical Center researcher Nikolaos Scarmeas, MD and colleagues, in an update to the earlier 2006 work, report that of the 1,880 mixed race/ethnicity subjects, those who get the most exercise have even lower rates of Alzheimer’s.

The effects appear to add up, building on each other’s healthful benefits to the body.

Those who stuck to the Mediterranean diet and were most active had a 61-67% lower risk of Alzheimer’s than those who did not.

*Highly Recommended*

This Doctor Dropped 10 Sizes – Discover Her Shocking Secret

There’s an overwhelming body of research that shows most diets aren’t effective in the long term because they work AGAINST the body…

In fact most people who diet end up putting ON more weight than when they started.

It’s because most diets deprive you of the foods you enjoy, stop you getting the nutrients you need…basically forcing your body into ‘starvation mode’…

Joy Siegrist MD developed a diet that works WITH your body…one that has a 96% success rate.

And to prove it she used it to drop 10 dress sizes.

Click through now to discover how Dr Joy dropped 10 dress sizes…

Cut Alzheimer’s Risk With Mediterranean Diet And Exercise Continued…

In the U.S., those not following the Mediterranean diet are more likely be eating lots of fast food and sweet treats, and the bad part of these foods might have more of an impact on brain health than the good that comes from the Mediterranean diet.

More work is needed as the research is based on self-reported information on diet and exercise, and no randomized interventions were done.

The best the experts can say today is that you need to eat well and be active. Even a little bit of regular activity can be helpful when it comes to Alzheimer’s.

“If two people are eating the same healthy diet, that person who also gets physical activity has much lower risk of Alzheimer’s disease compared with the person who is not active,” Scarmeas points out. “And if both are active, the one with the healthy diet has much lower risk than the person with a less healthy diet.”

The Mediterranean diet isn’t so much a diet plan as a way of eating for life, though it isn’t at all like most Americans eat. This plan is…

- Low in red meat and poultry

- Uses olive oil as the main fat source

- Very high in fruits, nuts, legumes, vegetables and cereals

- High in fish

- Permits low to moderate intake of wine

But if you think you can start living (and eating) healthy in your later years, think again.

Mayo Clinic neurologist David S. Knopman, MD who wrote a supporting editorial in the Journal of the American Medical Association disagrees, seeing diet as a key part of a healthy lifestyle. What’s more, healthy foods and activity probably exert their influence over decades, not just months.

While the research has yet to prove that a mediterranean diet plan along with exercise is protection against cognitive decline or prevents Alzheimer’s disease, the strong hint that they might is certainly worth considering when it comes to your brain health.

Do Natural Remedies For High Cholesterol Work

Do natural remedies for high cholesterol really work, and do they have any credible studies to back them up?

Besides watching what you eat, and getting regular exercise, there are a host of dietary supplements that claim to help out. You may have heard about garlic, ginseng or red yeast rice, but just because they work for others, will they do the same to you?

Scientific studies are the way the experts decide if a substance has clinical value. Here’s the thinking on the latest crop of cholesterol-lowering supplements.

Artichoke leaf extract – also known as Cynara scolymus is the dried extract of artichoke leaf, now in supplement form.

Evidence from 2000 from a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of adults with total cholesterol over 280 found that after 6 weeks bad cholesterol (LDL) levels were down by 23% on average.

The reduction was 6% for the placebo group. The numbers haven’t been reproduced in later work, and the most recent trial saw total cholesterol falling by an average 4% among participants, though no impact on either HDL (good) or LDL (bad) cholesterol was observed

The difference could be dosage, as those in the 2000 study took a dose that was 30% larger, and may have been in better health to start.

The verdict? You may get short-term benefits, but for now proceed with caution and talk with your doctor about your supplementing plans.

Fenugreek – A seed that is ground into powder and has been used since the days of ancient Egypt, and now comes in capsule form.

There are studies that date from the 1990s that show in high enough doses this substance can lower total cholesterol and LDL, sometimes rather dramatically.

In one case there was an LDL drop of 38%, though it’s important to understand that the studies were small and of poor quality, casting doubt on the claims of benefit.

The thing to know is that the fiber content in fenugreek (from 20-50%) may be the secret behind the cholesterol lowering power of the substance.

Fiber – soluble fiber is found naturally in oats, barley, bran, peas and citrus fruits as well as in supplement form.

Good for the heart, fiber doesn’t directly impact cholesterol levels, but in 1999 a team out of Harvard Medical School did a meta analysis of almost 70 clinical trials looking at the effect of soluble fiber on cholesterol.

Lots of soluble fiber was shown to bring a reduction in both LDL and total cholesterol in from 60-70% of the studies examined. Each gram of soluble fiber brought LDL levels down by approximately 2 points.

To get the benefit, the amount of fiber you need to eat is pretty high, about 25 grams a day. According to the Harvard researchers, 3 bowls of oatmeal is good for about 3 grams of soluble fiber.

This is the reason fiber supplements have become so popular, but they can cause gastrointestinal side effects and might even cause problems with some of your prescription medicines. Proceed with care and talk with your own doctor.

Fish oil – heart healthy fatty acids such as EPA and DPA found naturally in fish come in a highly concentrated form in fish oil supplements, usually in capsule form.

In experiments using high doses (3 grams or more), fish oil has been shown to bring down triglyceride levels, a well known part of your total cholesterol number, by from 10-30% – the higher your number, the more effective the supplements.

LDL levels, instead of going down, rise slightly when using fish oil supplements, though the rise is believed to be less damaging to the arteries.

Some experts think that triglycerides are a sign, not a cause of heart disease. Still if you are concerned, talk with your doctor and consider 2-4 grams of fish oil a day.

Those with heart disease should already consider taking in about 1 gram a day of both EPA and DPA according to previous studies.

Garlic – a member of the onion family, it’s available in an oil, extract or pill as well as in its natural state.

In a 2000 report on garlic and cardiovascular risk, a small but measurable drop in LDL and total cholesterol was seen, but only in the short term.

Follow up research hasn’t been encouraging; even some good quality studies have found that garlic had no discernable effect on cholesterol.

What you need to know is that while garlic might lower LDL temporarily, it probably won’t have any meaningful impact on your cholesterol numbers.

Continues below…

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Cholesterol Lowering Supplements: What Works Continued…

Ginseng – an herb native to Asia that’s long been a part of eastern medicine and comes today in capsule form.

Research so far is mixed and unconvincing.

A detailed 2005 review conducted by a team out of Harvard Medical School noted that a few studies had seen a helpful effect on one or more of the cholesterol components.

Most research was small and of poor quality, some of the most impressive results coming from a study that was funded by a manufacturer of ginseng products.

There isn’t enough information, at present, to support the idea of using ginseng for cholesterol.

Guggul – a tree-resin extract that is a long-standing part of Ayurvedic medicine, this substance contains plant sterols and comes in capsules.

The evidence here is sketchy. Early studies reported drops in total cholesterol, LDL and triglycerides of 10% (or more), though the experiments weren’t large or well designed.

One of the first well controlled, large trials of guggul in the U.S. in 2003 found no measurable effect on total cholesterol, HDL or triglycerides, and it may even have raised levels of LDL about 5%.

The take home message? More work is needed before guggul’s reputation is repaired. Today there isn’t enough evidence to justify using guggul to impact your cholesterol.

Niacin – a B vitamin that’s naturally found in meat, fish and dairy, though its also available in capsule form.

This nutrient has been known to help lower cholesterol, and large studies from the 1970s have shown that niacin can bring significant decreases in total cholesterol, LDL and triglycerides.

It’s most effective on HDL, raising these levels by up to 35%. The thing to know is that niacin only has this effect at high doses of 2-3 grams a day, usually given in an extended release prescription.

Your best bet is to talk to your doctor before you do anything. Never take supplements in place of a prescription.

Soy protein – found in soy foods like tofu, edamame and soymilk, you can also find it in powder form.Ten years ago the U.S. FDA began to allow labels to say soy protein was low in saturated fat and dietary cholesterol, and it could help cut the risk of heart disease by lowering LDL.

Everyone caught on, but research has found that the effect of soy protein on LDL is pretty modest.

In 2006 a review by the American Heart Association found that 50 grams of soy protein a day (two times the amount the FDA says is necessary to reduce the risk of heart disease) brought an average drop in LDL of about 3%, HDL levels didn’t go up significantly either.

The thing to know is that while soy protein does lower LDL, it’s not a significant effect, and may well have been overstated form the beginning.

Red yeast rice – is a fungus that grows on rice and has small amounts of a naturally occurring form of a statin known as lovastatin, also found in prescription form.

The evidence on red yeast rice is pretty convincing, which makes sense, as this is a low-dose statin.

Studies over the years have shown a reduction in LDL by about 20-30%, compared to the prescription form of the medication.

Recent work has backed these results, a 2009 study of patients who couldn’t take prescription statins due to side effects, found red yeast rice capsules lowered total cholesterol numbers by15%, LDL by 21%, compared to 5% and 9% for the placebo group.

While red yeast rice is a potential natural remedy for high cholesterol, the potency makes some wary. Consumer watchdog groups have found the amounts of helpful lovastatin varied widely in the products on the market today. If you want to give it a try, talk with your doctor, and be sure to investigate natural products and how to by them safely.

US Longevity Study Shows Life Expectancy Increasing Rapidly

If you’re looking to put a number to how long you will live, there are online tools you can use that try and estimate your longevity.

If that’s not for you, you can find a more general answer in a just released longevity study report out of the CDC’s National Center for Health Statistics known as the National Vital Statistics Report released in August 19, 2009 on life expectancy.

Even though the data is preliminary, it can be counted as reliable and is often confirmed by final numbers.

The numbers go like this – a total of 2,423,995 people of all ages died during 2007, down from the number of deaths in 2006. The nation’s age adjusted death rate also dropped from 776.5 deaths per 100,000 in 2006, to 760.3 in 2007. Good news for the U.S., though there are large variations in life expectancy around the world.

In May 2009 a World Health Organization report titled World Health Statistics 2009 found that Japan had the highest life expectancy in the world at 83 years.

The African countries of Burkina Faso, Burundi, Mali and Nigeria had a horrendous life expectancy of just 49 years.

Most of the difference can be attributed to differences in public health, medical care and diet from place to place. Poorer nations dealing with the scourges of war, starvation and disease pay a human toll as well.

Life expectancy is a measure computed for a group of people, all born in the same year, assuming that mortality at each age stays constant going forward.

Quality of life in an area of the world also has an impact on life expectancy as does your family history and lifestyle. As you might expect, improvement over the centuries, especially during the Industrial Revolution, has impacted the infant mortality rate, though some countries still lag sadly behind.

Infant mortality is an important component in all of this. A baby born in 2007 has a life expectancy that’s 1.4 years longer than babies born just a decade earlier. The preliminary infant death rate was 6.77 deaths per 1,000 live births, unchanged since 2006.

The top three causes of infant death were birth defects, disorders related to early delivery and low birth weight, and finally the heartbreaking sudden infant death syndrome.

Our life expectancy continues to go up in the United States, increasing by 2.5 months in 2007 over 2006 levels. Based on the latest numbers life expectancy…

-For babies born in 2007: life expectancy is 77.9 years (up from 77.7 years in 2006)

- For white women born in 2007: life expectancy is 80.7 years (up from 80.6 years in 2006)

- For white men born in 2007: life expectancy is 75.8 years (up from 75.7 years in 2006)

- For black women born in 2007: life expectancy is 77 years (up from 76.5 years in 2006)

- For black men born in 2007: life expectancy is 70.2 years (up from 69.7 years in 2006)

Continues below…

*Highly Recommended*

Medical Doctor Reveals The Shocking Truth

The real reason you can’t shift those stubborn pounds has nothing to do with a lack of willpower, eating too much or not eating the right kinds of foods – absolutely nothing.

It’s because your gut is full of plaque and parasites that work against you, no matter what you do, making it impossible to lose weight.

However, now there’s a proven way to flush these parasites from your gut and get rid of the plaque, allowing you to shed unwanted pounds fast.

Find out about Dr Suzanne Gudakunst’s brand new program will make you healthier, sexier, fitter and may even save your life!

Click through now to discover the shocking proof…

U.S. Life Expectancy Rising By More Than A Year Continued…

The Center for Disease Control report also lists the top fifteen causes of death, along with the change in their age-adjusted death rate since 2006. Most went down…· Heart disease: down 4.7%

· Cancer: down 1.8%

· Stroke: down 4.6%

· Chronic lower respiratory diseases (lung diseases): up 1.7%

· Accidents: down 5%

· Alzheimer’s disease: no significant change

· Diabetes: down 3.9%

· Influenza and pneumonia: down 8.4%

· Kidney disease: no significant change

· Septicemia (an infection that affects the blood and other parts of the body): unchanged

· Suicide: no significant change

· Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis: no significant change

· High blood pressure (hypertension): down 2.7%

· Parkinson’s disease: no significant change

· Homicide: down 6.5%

The CDC will publish the final life expectancy longevity study and death numbers later in 2009.

Cognitive Therapy Techniques For Pain Management And Insomnia

Cognitive Therapy Techniques, more commonly known as Cognitive behavioral therapy, CBT for short, has been found to help insomnia in older patients suffering with the pain (not to mention the disturbed sleep) of osteoarthritis according to new work appearing in the August 15, 2009 issue of the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine.

Cognitive behavioral therapy emphasizes the key role our thoughts play in how we feel and what we do – our thoughts (not things outside ourselves such as people, situations and events) cause our feelings and behaviors.

With CBT you learn how to change the way you think – so you feel better even if the outside situation doesn’t change. This makes the therapy well suited to helping patients dealing with a chronic (unchanging) condition like osteoarthritis.

The study involved 23 older volunteers, mostly females ages 66-69, diagnosed with osteoarthritis and dealing with insomnia symptoms that had persisted for at least six months being assigned cognitive behavioral therapy aimed at helping them sleep better.

Twenty-eight control subjects, of the same age range and also with osteoarthritis, were assigned to a stress management and wellness program. In home polysomnographic assessment was done to exclude potential subjects with sleep apnea. Neither of the treatment options directly addressed pain management.

The CBT treatment involved weekly two-hour sessions with four to eight participants that met for eight weeks in a row. At the start, and again at the end, the participants reported on their sleep and pain levels. The CBT group did one additional report on their sleeping patterns and pain levels after one year.

The subjects who got the CBT reported immediate improvements in their sleep and pain after treatment, and a year later. The control subjects, who participated in the other program saw no improvements in the quality of sleep or amount of pain.

The team believes that insomnia isn’t just a symptom of osteoarthritis, but should be considered a coexisting condition.

Improvements in sleep can begin improvements in other conditions, particularly important for older adults who often deal with sleepless nights as well as another health problem for which lack of sleep doesn’t help.

“The particular strength of [cognitive behavioral therapy aimed at insomnia] is that once an individual learns how to improve their sleep, study after study has shown that the improvement persists for a year or more,” points out Michael V. Vitiello, PhD, professor at the University of Washington in Seattle.

An estimated 60% of those with osteoarthritis report pain during the night, and experts know that chronic pain is certainly involved in disturbed sleep.

Fact: Poor Sleep Increases The Risk of Death/ Disease

Ever lain awake at night and counted the hours till dawn? Isn’t frustrating to be in bed and be unable to sleep?

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This lack of good quality, restful sleep exacerbates chronic pain – a vicious cycle that’s no help to anyone.

The findings of this work suggest that successful treatment of sleep disturbances can dramatically improve the quality of life and that CBT therapies might be quite useful.

Sleep is when your body detoxifies and the immune system recharges. Lack of sleep causes big problems for the body, and the mind.

Insomnia has been linked to diabetes, heart disease and cancer, as well as being known to bring on depression and thinking troubles. It may even shorten your life – this according to a 2002 study that found people who slept less than 4 hours a night had higher mortality rates compared to those who slept 6-7 hours.

Better sleep can bring a variety of benefits, to both body and mind, improving coexisting illnesses. “Sleep quality is a major concern of people with osteoarthritis, with 60 percent of people with the disease reporting pain during the night… Whether sleep disturbance preceded or follows pain onset is unclear, but reciprocal effects are likely,” write the team of researchers.

If you’re coping with insomnia now, don’t let it get ahead of you. Do something today and maybe talk your doctor and ask about cognitive behavioral techniques as a more natural, prescription free alternative to getting the rest you need.

Social Interaction Psychology – Imitate and People Like You More

In this new look at Social Interaction Psychology, copying the motions, expression and mannerisms of people you meet appears to have a whole lot to do with promoting social bonding.

New research appearing in the August 14, 2009 issue of Science suggests that the way to get others to like you is to mimic their behavior.

Imitation appears to unconsciously break down barriers that encourage those who don’t know each other to become friends – the foundation of social groups according to the study authors.

The unique set of experiments involved observing the behavior of Capuchin monkeys playing with wiffle balls.

This breed of monkeys was used because they’re a highly social species that forms close social bonds. The monkeys did one of three things when they were given the balls, either probed it with their fingers, pounded it on a surface or put it in their mouths.

Paired with two researchers (both also with wiffle balls) each monkey played with the ball – one researcher did the exact same motions with his ball as the monkey, the other researcher did something completely different.

After the test, the monkeys consistently chose to spend time with the researcher who had imitated them than with the one who had done a different motion.

Even when it came to doing a simple task, taking a small trinket from the investigator’s hand and then returning it for a food reward, the subject monkeys continued to prefer the researcher who’d imitated them – consistently choosing them to execute the task over the researcher who hadn’t mimicked them.

This was interpreted by the research team to be a sign that the monkeys felt a sense of affiliation toward the imitator.

“Researchers have known that human beings prefer the behavior of other people who subtly imitate their gestures and other affects,” explains Dr. Duane Alexander, director of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. “Observing how imitation promotes bonding in primates may lead to insights in disorders in which imitation and bonding is impaired, such as certain forms of autism.”

Continues below…

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Social Interaction Psychology – Imitate and People Like You More Continued…

This work is the joint effort of a team of scientists out of the National Institute of Health (NIH) and two Italian research institutions.

The study authors point out that humans are known to imitate the postures, mannerisms and gestures of those they come in contact with, though the behavior is believed to be largely unconscious on both sides.

Neither side realizing that the mimicking is taking place, and finding themselves feeling affection (or empathy) for those who mimic their behavior.

Earlier research has shown that people are more likely to help their imitators, and under the right circumstances leave them a more generous tip.

“It has been argued that the link between behavior matching and increases in affiliation might have played an important role in human evolution by helping to maintain harmonious relationships between individuals,” write the study authors. “We propose that the same principle also holds for other group-living primates.”

This is of course interesting social interaction psychology, and seeing that primates are pre-disposed to bond with those who imitate them, may put proof to the saying that imitation is indeed the sincerest form of flattery.

Scary Effects of Sleep Apnea – An Increased Risk of Death

Important new research, the largest ever to look at associations between disturbed sleep and illness, finds that the effects of sleep apnea, whose classic symptoms include snoring, interrupted breathing and disrupted sleep can almost double the risk of chronic disease and early death among both middle aged and elderly men.

Even moderate sleep apnea brings as much as a 17% increased death risk as compared with those who don’t have breathing problems related to sleep.

Sleep apnea is a condition that affects about one in four men; one in ten women, and is commonly associated with adverse health outcomes such as high blood pressure and cardiovascular disease.

The disorder causes you to have one (or more) pauses in breathing, or shallow breathing, while you sleep. The pauses can last from a few seconds to minutes – happening from 5 to 30 times an hour.

Sleep apnea is chronic, and generally disrupts your sleep on three or more nights of the week and often goes undiagnosed as it’s hard to detect in a doctor’s visit, and there aren’t any blood tests to confirm a diagnosis.

Lots of patients dismiss their sleepiness during the day, the feeling of fatigue and all that goes along with it. But, if you don’t get treatment, you’ll find yourself dealing with excessive sleepiness, trouble staying alert during the day and an increased risk of accidents.

The new research points to another more ominous danger – An increased risk of death.

For the work, the team at Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center used a community sample of just over 6,400 men and women between the ages of 40 and 70 who had mild to severe sleep apnea and were participating in the Sleep Heart Health Study.

Other subjects had not been diagnosed with sleeping problems, though many described themselves as having a snoring problem, and this is a hallmark symptom of sleep apnea.

Conducting in-home monitoring of sleep, the team collected about 10,000 in-depth recordings of breathing patterns, heart rhythms and brain activity. Based on this data, the team determined that about half the subjects had moderate to severe sleep apnea and they went on to keep track of the incidents of high blood pressure, heart disease or stroke in these people.

After a tracking period of just over 8 years, the researchers found that 587 men and 460 women had died. Comparing the death tallies to the sleep pattern recordings, the researchers found that experiencing just 11 minutes of severe sleep apnea, where blood oxygen levels dropped to under 90% of normal, was associated with roughly double the risk of death among the male subjects.

Similar conclusions couldn’t be drawn for women, due to the small numbers with sleep apnea.

“The primary finding of our study is that sleep apnea can increase the risk of death by about 40%, even after Naresh Punjabi other factors have been accounted for,” explains study lead author Dr. Naresh Punjabi, an associate professor of medicine at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore. “Our study also shows that it is the decrease in oxygen levels during sleep from sleep apnea that explains the increased risk of death.”

The findings appear in the August 18, 2009 issue of the journal PLoS Medicine and suggest that anyone with sleep apnea pay attention to their condition.

Doctors need to pay diligent attention to sleeping habits and problems, especially in middle aged (and older) patients so they can intervene quickly.

Losing weight can sometimes help, as can the use of devices that keep you from rolling on your back while sleeping.

The current treatment for serious cases is the continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) device. It works like a sort of oxygen mask, worn over the nose to force in air and keep pathways from collapsing.

If you suspect yourself, or someone in your life to be suffering with the effects of sleep apnea, talk with your doctor or a sleep specialist to find the right treatment for your symptoms.